The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) requires permanent residents to be PHYSICALLY present in Canada for at least 730 days out of every five years. If a permanent resident is outside Canada and a visa officer with Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) finds that he or she has not met this residency obligation, the person may lose permanent resident status. Therefore, the permanent resident may appeal the CIC decision to the Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB).

***MUST appeal no later than 60 days after receiving the decision letter from CIC.***

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